Stories archive

    • Troy

    Near East

    Geographically, the Near East extends from the western coasts of Turkey and the Levant to the eastern border of Iran. All its different civilizations, which span millennia, are culturally and historically referred to as 'Near Eastern'. 

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    • Forum Romanum c. 1854

    Roman world

    Rome, the village on the Palatine would develop into the centre of the world.

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    Did the Etruscans come from Asia Minor or did the Etruscan culture developed in Italy? Many distinctly Etruscan features are equally evident.

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    • Black-figure pottery from Athens.

    Attic pottery production

    The black-figure technique was invented in Corinth in about 700 B.C. and adopted by the Athenian workshops in approximately 630 B.C. How were the characteristic black-figure and red-figure vases actually made?

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    • The Parthenon in Athens.

    Greek world

    The Greek world comprises more than modern Greece. Colonies were founded in Sicily, southern Italy and the west coast of modern Turkey. After the defeat of Persia Greece flourished.

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    • Excavations in Alexandria.

    Greco-Roman Egypt

    Since the arrival of Alexander the Great Egypt was administered by the Greeks, and after the death of Cleopatra, the Roamn Emperors took over.

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    • The Great Pyramid of Kheops in Giza, with one of the Queens’ pyramids on the right.

    Pharaonic Egypt

    The most striking aspects of the country at this time were the attention life life after death and the many gods who were adored there, both in human and animal form.

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    • The Coptic monastery of St. Anthony, Egypt.

    Coptic period

    Today the term 'Copt' refers to a member of the Coptic Church of Egypt, while archaeologists regard a Copt more generally as any Christian inhabitant of Egypt in the first centuries of our era.

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    • Cyprus, Aphrodites rock.


    The island of Cyprus lies at the intersection of three continents: Europe, Asia and Africa. The Greeks regarded Cyprus as the island of Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty who, according to tradition, emerged from the sea near the southwestern coast.

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    Prehistoric Greece

    The Greek Bronze Age started around 3000 B.C. when the people were able to work metal. Their need for copper and tin, the two components of bronze, as well as their surpluses of olives and woollen products resulted in thriving trade relations, which greatly contributed to prosperity.

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